The Fame Monster was released on October 26 in North America through Interscope Records and in the UK through Parlophone. The album was also released at the same time in Israel and France, while Japan received it on December 3; a physical version was released in Korea on December 20 due to import delays. The album was also released on December 4 in Australia and on November 10, 2009 in New Zealand. In Germany, the record was first released on December 18, 2009, and it was released on January 7, 2010 in the UK through EMI Records.
On October 23, 2009, a poll by NME readers confirmed that The Fame Monster was the number one album in its category in November 2009. The next month, Gaga’s second studio album, Born This Way, which was scheduled for release in January 2010, was named best album of the year.
The Fame Monster was recorded at Hugh Padgham’s recording studio, Electric Lady Studios and co-produced with long-time collaborator RedOne. The Grip Weeds engineered, mixed, and co-mixed the album. The album’s track listing was revealed on Monday December 16, 2009, and it included a music video for the lead single, "Telephone", and several exclusive remixes of the single "Monster".
The Fame Monster was initially planning to have 13 songs. However, in early March, Gaga explained that she was able to give 10 of the 13 songs she wrote and talked about the difficulties of working with record executives and the album’s final selection process:
"I gave all the songs and I said to them, 'Look, if you don’t include any of these these songs, I am going to have nothing to promote.' I gave them the whole thing. I never did that before. I would never just hand the songs to them first. Then they listened to them and something that was absolutely out of my control happened. It was an act of God. It was either me or them that won that night. I lost. I lost because I did not have any more songs left. d2c66b5586