The motivation for this work was the need for a new material that could be used as a solid electrolyte in fuel cells operating at temperatures above 80 C, in lithium ion batteries, in the fuel cell-electrolyte membrane operations in the automotive industry, as a separator in lithium ion batteries, and in lithium batteries.
GaN substrates have been grown by MOVPE at NanoEnergy Inc. . A GaN buffer layer was grown on an N-doped, 10-'-capped, Si-doped GaN template layer. The template layer had dimensions of 5 mm diameter by 10 mm height. The area of the template layer was 1 cm2. The buffer layer was grown for 1 hour at a temperature of 970 C and for 2.5 hours at a temperature of 1050 C. The growth rate of the buffer layer was 0.27 '/minute at 970 C and 0.32 '/minute at 1050 C. The GaN template layer was grown at a growth temperature of 1065 C for 3 hours. The substrate was cooled to room temperature. The laser lift-off (LLO) method was used to remove the GaN template. A subsequent dry etch was used to remove the 10-'-capped layer. Finally, the edges of the sample were ground with a ceramic polishing lap to flatten the surface. The size of the substrate was 3 inches in diameter by 2 inches in height.
In this paper, we present a review of the results of a synchrotron-based study of the feasibility of producing trimethylaluminum (TMA) using the ion beam deposition (IBD) technique. We discuss the design of the experimental setup and the characteristics of the plasma in the TMA IBD system. In addition, we present IBD data on the growth of Al2O3/Al and Al2O3/Al2O3/Al in comparison with the traditional chemical vapour deposition (CVD). The IBD technique has been shown to be an effective approach for the bulk production of thin films and their subsequent integration with solid-state devices.
The successful development of a fibril-forming behavior for polyethylene glycol (PEG) by the researchers at the University of California at San Francisco has led to the production of highly crystalline, well-ordered PEG derivatives with high molecular weight (Mw) and molecular weight distribution (MWD) that can be used as inert brushes for self-assembly. The approach can be used in the production of functionalized PEG polymers that have utility in diverse applications, including cell surface targeting and uptake, bioconjugation, and slow release of drug delivery. The PEG-based polymers can be made in large-scale production using well-established, low-cost processes.
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